Pteris L.


Greek pteris - fern, derived from pteron - wing, referring to the feather-like fronds.

Terrestrial or occasionally semi-aquatic fast-growing ferns with attractively dissected and sometimes variegated fronds with species suitable for almost all growing conditions. Rhizome erect or short-creeping, thick, covered with scales. Sterile and fertile fronds mostly similar. Fronds clustered, divided once or more, not jointed at the point of attachment; veins free or netted. Stalk with a groove on the main stem continuous with those of the branches. Sori linear, along margins of segments and connecting the vein ends. Indusia absent or consisting of the reflexed segment margin.

The common name, Brake, refers to the similarity of many of these species to the common bracken.

c. 250 species from tropical and subtropical regions (7 species in Australia).


Veins mostly netted; sori along inrolled segment edges.

Shieh (1966), Walker (1970).

Source: Spencer, R. (1995). Pteridaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 1, Ferns, conifers & their allies. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

Hero image
kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Polypodiopsida
order     Polypodiales
family      Pteridaceae
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa
species        Pteris argyraea Moore
species        Pteris biaurita L.
species        Pteris cretica L.
species        Pteris dentata Forssk.
species        Pteris ensiformis Burm.f.
species        Pteris macilenta A.Rich.
species        Pteris microptera Link
species        Pteris multifida Poir.
species        Pteris pacifica Hieron.
species        Pteris semipinnata L.
species        Pteris tremula R.Br.
species        Pteris umbrosa R.Br.
species        Pteris vittata L.
species        Pteris wallichiana J.Agardh