Greek echinos – hedgehog, doros – bag, referring to the head of prickly achene fruits.
Annual or perennial herbs, often with stolons. Leaves submerged or not, linear-lanceolate to elliptic or cordate, often with transparent markings; stalks long. Flower heads globose, branched or unbranched. Flowers unisexual or bisexual. Sepals 3, persistent and sometimes enlarging in fruit. Petals 3. Stamens 6-30. Carpels several, spirally arranged. Fruit a head of achenes.
Grown either as aquarium plants or marginal ornamentals.
About 30 species from N and S America and Africa.
Division or seed.
Flowers and fruits in heads.
Source: (2005). Alismataceae. In: . Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 5. Flowering plants. Monocotyledons. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.