Phoenix L.

From the Greek name for the date palm.

Small to large solitary or clustering palms. Trunks woody, slender to stout, covered with persistent leaf bases. Crownshaft absent. Leaves feather-shaped. Leaflets spreading, narrow, each folded into a Vshape at the base; terminal leaflet present. Leaf stalks with the lower leaflets modified to form pungent spine-like structures. Flowers unisexual with both sexes on the same plant, cream to yellowish. Panicles arising among the leaves, arching, shorter than the leaves. Fruit a fleshy berry, containing 1-3 cylindrical seeds, each with a lateral furrow.

A varied genus including dwarf palms and large imposing species. They are a popular group of palms and some species are suitable for cultivation in most climates. Phoenix palms may hybridize in cultivation.

Fresh seed takes 1-6 months to germinate but stragglers can appear after 1 or 2 years.

Many uses as food, clothing, construction and as a source of fibre.

Dwarf to large palms with a woody trunk covered with persistent leaf bases and a crown of arching feather-shaped leaves; leaflets folded upwards and with no true midrib but an expanded central region, lower frond leaflets modified to form spines; seeds with a longitudinal line for full length.

A genus of 14 species distributed in tropical and temperate regions. Middle East, Africa, Crete, Asia, SE Asia, the Philippines and Indonesia.

Barrow (1998).

Source: Jones, D; Spencer, R. (2005). Arecaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 5. Flowering plants. Monocotyledons. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

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kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Lilianae
order      Arecales
family       Arecaceae
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa
species         Phoenix canariensis Chabaud
species         Phoenix dactylifera L.
species         Phoenix reclinata Jacq.
species         Phoenix roebelenii J. O'Brien