Beaucarnea Lam.

Name of uncertain derivation.

Plants acaulescent to arborescent with a thickened trunk, rosettes persisting after flowering. Leaves long-lived, fibrous, linear to linear-lanceolate; margins entire, serrulate; tip spineless. Inflorescence a terminal panicle, not bulbiferous. Flowers unisexual (rarely bisexual), rotate, cream to white. Sepals and petals similar, free. Stamens 6, included. Ovary superior, 1-locular. Fruit a 3-lobed capsule.

Grown for the spiky architectural foliage.The genus is sometimes included in Nolina Michx.

About 6 species in Mexico and SW USA.


Arborescent stems with caudiciform base (bottle-shaped); flowers usually unisexual; ovary 1-chambered.

Trelease (1911).

Source: Forster, P. (2005). Agavaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 5. Flowering plants. Monocotyledons. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Lilianae
order      Asparagales
family       Asparagaceae
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa
species         Beaucarnea recurvata Lem.