Crocosmia Planch.


Greek krokos – saffron, osme – scent, as the dried flowers smell of saffron.

Perennial herbs, dormant in winter. Corms persistent, globose; tunics fibrous. Leaves basal, swordshaped, with midvein. Spathes short, brown. Flower more or less bilaterally symmetrical, red to yellow. Perianth tube curved, gradually widened, pouchless; top lobes usually enlarged. Stamens equal, protruding. Stigmas tiny. Capsule broad and round with few seeds.

Crocosmia was a popular ornamental in the Victorian era, and many named cultivars bred in Europe were imported.

10 species in southern Africa and Madagascar.

Division of clumps in winter.

Summer-growing; red to yellow funnel-shaped flowers with curved tube.

Kostelijk (1984), de Vos (1984, 1999b).

Source: Cooke, D. (2005). Iridaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 5. Flowering plants. Monocotyledons. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

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kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Lilianae
order      Asparagales
family       Iridaceae
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