Acanthephippium Blume

Jug Orchid

Greek acantha - thorn; ephippion - saddle; the labellum resembles a saddle.

Epiphytic or terrestrial herbs, sympodial, rhizomes absent. Stems thickened into large ovoid pseudobulbs, dense, grooved, often purplish. Leaves apical, 1-3, large, papery, pleated, deciduous, stalked. Inflorescences near-basal racemes, erect. Flowers resupinate, few, medium sized, fleshy, pale with darker stripes. Sepals fused for most of their length to form a swollen tube enclosing petals and labellum, joined to column foot. Petals smaller than sepals, free. Labellum 3-lobed, hinged, saddleshaped, spur present or absent. Column short, fleshy, with a long foot. Pollinia 8, in 2 unequal bundles of 4, granular.

About 15 species from tropical Asia to Fiji.

Leaves pleated; inflorescence elongates after flowering; moderately large swollen tubular flowers; saddle-shaped labellum.

Source: Jeanes, J. (2005). Orchidaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 5. Flowering plants. Monocotyledons. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Lilianae
order      Asparagales
family       Orchidaceae
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Subordinate taxa