Syringa ×persica L.

Persian Lilac

A deciduous shrub to 2 m tall. Leaves more or less lanceolate, to about 6 cm long, rarely pinnate or 3-lobed, hairless. Flowers in broad clusters to about 5 cm long, tube about 6 mm long, mostly lilac, fragrant; spring.

An ancient hybrid that is of uncertain origin, possibly S. laciniata × S. ?protolacinaiata.

Cultivars in a range of colours.

One of the few lilacs with occasionally dissected (mostly 3-lobed) leaves.


Other lilacs with dissected (not pinnate) leaves include the following:

S. protolaciniata P.S.Green & M.-C. Chang, occasionally cultivated [S. afghanica Schneid.];

S. afghanica, a true species but the name incorrectly applied - plants introduced to cultivation from Afghanistan are best referred to S. protolaciniata 'Kabul' (see Green 1989);

S. ×laciniata Mill., Cut Leaf Lilac, which is occasionally available, probably has the parents S. protolaciniata and S. vulgaris - S. protolaciniata can generally be distinguished by its blunter leaf tips and entire leaves on the flowering branches;

S. ×diversifolia Rehder, a hybrid of S. oblata var. oblata and S. pinnatifolia raised at the Arnold Arboretum, USA, in 1929 with white, fragrant flowers.

Source: Spencer, R. (2002). Oleaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 4. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 3. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Asteranae
order      Lamiales
family       Oleaceae
genus        Syringa L.