Lantana camara L.


Shrubs, often scrambling and forming dense thickets, the branches rough and often prickly. Leaves ovate, to 6 cm or so long and 4 cm wide, margins toothed, upper surface rough and wrinkled, hairy below; stalk to 2 cm long. Flower heads to 3 cm wide, on stalks to 8 cm long; almost year round. Corolla 1-1.5 cm long, white, pink, yellow, orange, red and magenta, separate or in combination. Fruit a drupe 4-6 mm wide, black.

Tropical S America

Grown as a range of brightly coloured cultivars for hedge, standard, border or hanging basket. There are several hundred cultivars documented worldwide but only a small proportion of these would be currently available.

A widespread weed of warm countries. In some parts of Australia it is a noxious weed, especially in disturbed rainforest and coastal districts north of Bega in S NSW. A study of the Lantana camara complex in Australia, including pictures and a key to cultivars, was published by Smith &Smith in 1982 and lists 29 different naturalised taxa.

Some cultivars are poisonous to stock.

Howard (1969), Smith & Smith (1982).

Source: Spencer, R. (2002). Verbenaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 4. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 3. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

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Distribution map

Lantana camara 'Calypso'

Dwarf habit. Flowers deep rose, yellow before opening.

Rivoire, Lyon, France, 1900.

Lantana camara 'Carmine King'

Origin of name unlocated.

Lantana camara 'Chelsea Gem'

Floriferous. Flowers rich crimson and amber, becoming dark red.

Cannel & Sons, Kent, England, c. 1906.

Lantana camara 'Drap D'Or'

Dwarf habit with golden yellow flowers.

Lemoine, Nancy, France,1886.

Lantana camara 'Dwarf Orange'

Habit dwarf. Flowers orange and yellow.

Fruitland Nursery, Augusta, USA, 1934-5.

Lantana camara 'Gogol'

Plants dwarf, flowers bright red, the centre ones orange.

Rudolphe, France, c. 1901.

Lantana camara 'Golden Sunset'

Origin of name unlocated.

Lantana camara 'Magenta Queen'

Flowers red and yellow, changing to magenta.

H. Kemp, Australia, 1923.

Lantana camara 'Smith's Snowflake'

Compact shrub with white flowers, the eye orange when first opening but fading to become pure white at maturity.

Probably of Australian origin.

Lantana camara 'Sweetheart'

Origin of name unlocated.

kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Asteranae
order      Lamiales
family       Verbenaceae
genus        Lantana L.