Plumeria L.

Named for Charles Plumier (1646–1704), French Franciscan monk who botanised in the Caribbean.

Shrubs or small trees, deciduous or evergreen; latex white. Stems fleshy-succulent, brittle, without spines. Leaves alternate, stalked; blade well developed, mucilage glands absent at base. Inflorescence terminal or axillary, cymose. Flowers sweetly scented, stalked. Corolla salver-shaped; tube cylindrical; lobes convolute in bud, overlapping to the left. Corolline corona absent. Stamens enclosed, attached near middle of tube, not sticking to style head. Disk absent. Fruit of 2 woody follicles, of separate carpels, dehiscent along ventral suture. Seeds numerous, flattened, oblong, basally winged, without hair tufts.

Two species and numerous unnamed cultivars are extensively cultivated.


Cuttings or seeds.

Fleshy-succulent brittle stems.

8 species in C and S America.

Woodson (1938), Lippold (1979), Thornton & Thornton (1985), Eggenberger & Eggenberger (1994).

Source: Forster, P. (2002). Apocynaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 4. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 3. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

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kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Asteranae
order      Gentianales
family       Apocynaceae
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa
species         Plumeria rubra L.