Excoecaria L.

From the Latin excoecare — to blind, alluding to the caustic sap of the foliage.

Shrubs or trees, evergreen, perennial,male and female flowers on the same plant; stems and foliage with copious white latex. Indumentum of simple, multicellular hairs. Stipules entire, inconspicuous, soon shed. Leaves alternate, stalked, unlobed, penninerved, glands at base of blade; margins entire or scalloped to saw-toothed. Inflorescences terminal or axillary, racemose or spike-like, solitary or fascicled, unisexual with flowers in dense clusters. Male flowers stalkless to stalked; calyx lobes 2-3, overlapping, free and more or less equal; petals absent; disk absent; stamens 2-8, filaments free and attached to a slightly raised receptacle. Female flowers stalked; calyx lobes 2-3, overlapping, free or shortly fused; petals absent; disk absent; ovary 2-3-chambered, ovules 1 per chamber; styles 2 or 3, free or united, simple. Fruits capsular, dehiscent, 3-lobed, surface smooth. Seeds roundish to ovoid, ecarunculate.

About 40 species in the Old World tropics and subtropics, 4 species in Australia. 1 non-Australian species is commonly cultivated.

Cuttings or seeds.

Shrubs or trees; stems and foliage with copious white latex; flowers not arranged in cyathia.

Airy Shaw (1980).

Source: Forster, P. (2002). Euphorbiaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 3. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 2. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Rosanae
order      Malpighiales
family       Euphorbiaceae
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa
species         Excoecaria cochinchinensis Lour.