This group was extremely popular in the late 19th century. In 1816 a seedling was raised from the cultivar 'Portlandica' and named 'Rose du Roi'. 'Rose du Roi' was then hybridised with Hybrid Chinas (Gallica × China rose) and Bourbons to produce the Hybrid Perpetuals. They are generally fast growing and prickly with dark green leaves. They are tall bushes, producing large clusters of mostly pink, white or occasionally crimson or mauve flowers.
Source: (2002). Rosaceae. In: . Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 3. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 2. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.
Autriche' Flowers double, flat, pink, fragrant. Raised by Moreau-Robert, France, 1881.
Ain' Flowers double, crimson, cup-shaped, edges wavy-ragged with fine white edging. Sport of 'EugÃÂÂ¨ne fÃÂÂ¼rst' selected by Reverchon, France, in 1897.
Flowers semi-double, scarlet, fragrant. 'gÃÂÂ©nÃÂÂ©ral Jacqueminot' _ unknown, raised by Paul, uk, 1868.
Flowers in large clusters, double, flat, crimson suffused with maroon. 'gÃÂÂ©ant de Bataille' seedling selected by Guinoisseau, France,1858.
Flowers deep carmine, striped white, cup-shaped, scented. Parentage unknown, raised Tanne, France, 1921.
Flowers double, crimson, scented. 'Maurice Bernardin' seedling selection by Verdier, France, 1865.
Flowers white, almost spherical and with raised centres. 'Merveille de Lyon'_'Madame Caroline Testout', raised by p. Lambert, Germany, 1901.
Leaves grey-green. Flowers large, double, deep pinkish red. Parentage unknown, raised Ducher, France, 1865.
Stems with few thorns. Flowers semi-double, creamy white, flat, fragrant. 'Baroness Rothschild' _ 'Madame Falcot', raised Guillot fils, France, 1885.
Flowers large, pink and lilac with darker centre. 'Jules Margottin' _ 'Madame Vidot', raised Ward, uk,1862.
Flowers rounded, with raised central petals, cupped, pale pink with a hint of lilac. Parentage unknown, raised Laffay, France, 1842.
Leaves grey-green. Flowers pale pink, strongly scented. 'FranÃÂÂ§ois Michelon' seedling selected by Henry Bennett, uk, 1887.
Shrub thorny. Flowers large, double, flat, quartered. Parentage unknown, raised Portemer, France, 1845.
Flowers double, crimson to maroon with white striping, particularly on the petal margins. 'Fisher Holmes' sport selected by Schwartz, France, 1890.
Alphonse lavallÃÂâÂ°e' Flower double, shaded crimson and purple, strongly fragrant. Parentage unknown, raised Verdier, France, 1884.
Flowers double, quartered, mid-pink, strongly fragrant. Raised Dorisy, France, 1846.
S caprice' Flowers large, cupped, with raised central petals, pink, lilac and white with stripes and mottling in deeper shades. 'Archiduchesse Elisabeth d'Autriche' sport selected by Vick, usa, 1891.