China roses

A range of evergreen hybrids and cultivars based on R. chinensis (itself possibly in cultivation for thousands of years in Asia) believed to have originated from 4 original cultivars imported to Europe in the 1790s - 'Slater's Crimson', 'Parson's Pink', 'Hume's Blush' and 'Park's Yellow'. They are small plants 1-2 m tall, sometimes with a few red prickles, producing relatively small single, semi-double or double flowers over a long flowering season, mostly pink but sometimes crimson or reddish orange; usually unscented. The leaves are dark green.

Source: Spencer, R. (2002). Rosaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 3. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 2. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

Rosa 'Arethusa'

Shrub 1-2 m tall. Flowers double, asymmetrical, apricot-yellow. Raised by William Paul, uk, int. 1903.

Rosa 'Beauty Of Glenhurst'

Shrub 1-2 m tall with few prickles. Flowers single, cerise. Raised by Morley, Mt Lofty Bot. Garden, sa, 1983.

Rosa 'Duke Of York'

Shrub 1-2 m tall. Flowers double, pink with dark pink and white tints. Raised by w. Paul,uk,1894.

Rosa 'Gloire Des Rosomanes'

Shrub to 1 m or so tall. Flowers in clusters, double, crimson, repeat-flowering, fragrant. A China-Bourbon hybrid raised by Vibert, France, 1825.

Rosa 'Hermosa'

Shrub to about 1 m tall, sometimes climbing, with blue-green leaves. Flowers small, almost spherical, mauve-pink, fragrant, repeat-flowering. A China raised by Marecheseau, France, 1837, int. 1840.

Rosa 'Louis Xiv'

Small shrub to 1m tall. Flowers dark red, strongly scented.

Rosa 'Mutabilis'

Shrub to about 2 m tall. Young shoots and leaves coppery red. Flowers single, petals yellow, changing to salmon and then red with an orange reverse. A China rose first noticed about 1896.

Rosa 'Perle D'

Or' Shrub to about 1 m tall. Flowers in clusters, pale brown to apricot, darkening towards the centre and suffused with pink when opening and fading to cream, fragrant. Raised, probably as a cross between a Polyantha and the Tea 'Madame Falcot' by Rambaud, France, 1883.

Rosa 'Sophie'

S perpetual' Shrub to 2 m tall sometimes grown as a climber. Flowers small and cupped, deep pink. An old hybrid garden rose reintroduced in 1960.

Rosa 'Viridiflora'

A freak flower in which the petals have been lost and are replaced by a clusters of sepals that look like a green flower. Probably a sport of 'Pallida' and grown as a curiosity plant.

Rosa 'Windlass'

Flowers single, pink on a thornless bush. Raised by Philip Sutherland, Benalla,Vic, 1996.

kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Rosanae
order      Rosales
family       Rosaceae
genus        Rosa L.