Filipendula Mill.


Latin filum — thread, pendulus — drooping, referring to the hanging threads that hold the tubers

together in some species.

Deciduous perennial herbs, roots tuberous or rhizomatous. Leaves at base of the plant compound with 3-many leaflets, sometimes with smaller leaflets among them or leaflets lobed, but all toothed. Epicalyx absent. Flower clusters branching and with numerous flowers. Sepals 5 or 6, becoming bent back on the fruits. Petals 5 or 6, white, cream or pink to purplish red. Stamens 20-40, attached to a disk. Carpels 5-10, sometimes flattened, variously hairy, each with 2 seeds. Fruit a cluster of achenes, mostly free (sometimes coiling together).

Grown as border or herb garden plants for the dense clusters of small flowers.

10 species of northern temperate regions, with a centre of distribution in E Asia.

Seed or division.

Source of various medicinal compounds.

Compound leaves; fruit a cluster of achenes.

Barnes (1998).

Source: Spencer, R. (2002). Rosaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 3. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 2. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

Hero image
kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Rosanae
order      Rosales
family       Rosaceae
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa
species         Filipendula palmata (Pall.) Maxim.
species         Filipendula ulmaria (L.) Maxim.
species         Filipendula vulgaris Moench