Crataegus crus-galli L.

Cockspur Hawthorn

A broad-crowned tree to about 10 m tall with slender, straight thorns up to 8 cm long. Leaves mostly 3-8 cm long, ovate to oblong, wedge-shaped at the base, smooth, leathery, the tip rounded, margin finely toothed, colouring orange-red in autumn. Flowers about 1.5 cm wide; Sept-Oct. Fruits about 1 cm wide, dull red to scarlet with creamy red pulp, remaining on tree for some time; seeds mostly 2.


Extremely long thorns. C. ×grignonensis Mouill., Red Fruit Mexican Hawthorn, is occasionally offered; it is an almost thornless large shrub with upright branches. Leaves ovate with a few blunt lobes and fine teeth. Fruit brick orange-red with yellow flesh, mostly 2.5-3 cm wide with grey-brown dots and mostly 3 seeds. A hybrid, C. crus-galli × C. pubescens, it was raised in Frankfurt, Germany, in 1873 and can be recognised by the persistent half-moon-shaped stipules at the base of the leaves.

ACT: Acton (Kendall St).

Source: Spencer, R. (2002). Rosaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 3. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 2. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

Hero image
kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Rosanae
order      Rosales
family       Rosaceae
genus        Crataegus L.