Arbutus L.

Strawberry Tree

Ancient Latin name.

Evergreen trees or shrubs. Bark mostly flaking, reddish-brown. Leaves alternate, entire or margin saw-toothed. Flowers urn-shaped, white, pink or greenish in terminal upright or drooping panicles; stamens 10; anthers with an extended point at one end. Fruit strawberry-like berry, smooth or warty.

Seed, cuttings, layers.

Berries of A. unedo are edible.

Leaves entire; flowers urn-shaped with a single appendage (awn) on each anther.

4 species may be seen at Malmsbury Botanic Gardens in Victoria.

About 15 species from the Mediterranean, S and W Europe, N and C America.

Distinctions between species are not clear-cut in this genus which requires revision – the key should be used with caution. Most established trees are A. unedo.

Source: Spencer, R. (1997). Ericaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 2. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 1. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

Hero image
kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Asteranae
order      Ericales
family       Ericaceae
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa
species         Arbutus andrachne L.
species         Arbutus ×andrachnoides Link
species         Arbutus canariensis Viell.
species         Arbutus menziesii Pursh
species         Arbutus unedo L.