Ficus rubiginosa Vent.

Port Jackson Fig

Evergreen widespreading tree to 20 m or so tall. Trunk often buttressed, rarely with aerial roots from lower branches. New growth with a dense covering of rust-coloured hairs. Leaves oval to elliptic or obovate, mostly 8-12 cm long, 4-6 cm wide, dark green, glossy, hairless above, paler and generally covered with rust-coloured hairs beneath, sometimes with wavy edges; vein pairs mostly 10-13. Leaf stalk 2-4 cm long. Fruits roundish, about 1-1.5 cm wide, axillary, mostly in pairs, yellowish, warty; bracts 3; stalk mostly 0.5-1 cm long.


Grows naturally along the coast of NSW from Shoalhaven to the Queensland border.

Extremely variable in Sydney parks: hybridisation with F. macrophylla is a possibility (T. Rodd, pers. comm.).

Leaves rusty-haired below, at least at first; fig warty with stalk mostly 0.5-1 cm long.

NSW: Sydney (Centennial Park; Redfern Park; Royal Botanic Garden Sydney). VIC: Albert Park (St Vincent Gardens); Balwyn (Maranoa Gardens); Clifton Springs (Golf Course, 11 m tall in 1989); Geelong (Geelong Botanic Gardens); Hawthorn (Central Gardens, 2 trees); Kew (Carey Baptist Grammar School); Mt Eliza (the Geriatric Centre); Melbourne (Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria (Melbourne Gardens)); Yarraville (Yarraville Gardens).

Source: Spencer, R. (1997). Moraceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 2. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 1. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

Distribution map

Ficus rubiginosa 'Variegata'

Tree of generally smaller habit with smaller variegated leaves variously patterned in gold and greens.

SA: Adelaide (Hindmarsh Square, NW sector). NSW: Sydney (Centennial Park). Vic: Balnarring ('Coolart'); Burnley (The University of Melbourne Burnley Campus 10.5 m tall, planted c. 1965); Caulfield (Caulfield Park); Kew (Boroondara General Cemetery); South Melbourne (Ferrars St, private garden).

kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Rosanae
order      Rosales
family       Moraceae
genus        Ficus L.