Laurel Family

Mostly evergreen trees, shrubs or sometimes parasitic climbers. Leaves mostly simple, entire, alternate or opposite, usually leathery and often with aromatic oil dots; stipules absent. Flowers either bisexual or unisexual and on the same plant, axillary or near-terminal, parts in 3s. Sepals and petals similar, mostly 6 in 2 whorls, inconspicuous, yellow or green. Stamens mostly 9 in 3-4 whorls, fused at the base of the perianth and sometimes sterile; anthers opening by flap-like valves. Carpels 1. Ovary mostly superior in cultivated genera, single-chambered with 1 ovule and 1 seed, surrounded by a cup-like flower base. Fruit a 1-seeded berry, sometimes enclosed within a cup-like structure.

Closely related to the Magnoliaceae and Monimiaceae but differing from the latter in having valvate dehiscent anthers. In tropical and subtropical areas the Australian genera Beilschmeidia, Cryptocarya, Litsea and Neolitsea are occasionally cultivated.

Source of cinnamon (mostly Cinnamomum verum) and camphor (mostly Cinnamomum camphora), avocados (Persea americana), Bay (Laurus) leaves used in cooking, some trees used for timber. Aromatic compounds used in perfumery are extracted from several species.

Leaves aromatic when crushed; flowers inconspicuous; petals and sepals similar; anthers opening by flap-like valves; fruit a berry with a single seed.

About 45 genera and about 3000 species mostly in tropical to subtropical rainforest of low to high altitude but centred in Brazil and SE Asia with a few genera extending into temperate regions (Australia has 8 genera with about 130 species).

Spongberg (1975).

Source: Spencer, R. (1997). Lauraceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 2. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 1. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

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kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Magnolianae
order      Laurales
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa
genus        Cinnamomum Schaeffer
genus        Laurus L.
genus        Lindera Thunb.
genus        Persea Mill.