Magnolia ×alba (DC.)Figlar

Ilang Ilang

Tree eventually to 20 m or more tall but smaller in cultivation. Branchlets and stipules grey hairy. Leaves hairless or sparsely hairy, ovate, mostly 15–35 cm long, 6–10 cm wide, base tapering, veins 12–18 pairs and evident on both surfaces. Leaf stalk 1.5–5 cm long. Flowers white, fragrant, perianth segments 8–12, 3–5.5 cm long; summer. Carpels mostly 10, sterile in south-eastern Australia. [M. longifolia Blume]

A hybrid between  M. champaca × M. montana

Widely cultivated in tropics and subtropics, frost sensitive. Quite rare in cultivation in south-eastern Australia but grows well. Planted widely in Java (where it probably arose over 200 years ago) and Bali.

Uses A source of perfume oils.

Recognition White flowers with 8–12 segments; carpels mostly 10.

Specimens VIC: Burnley (The University of Melbourne Burnley Campus); Camberwell (Trafalgar Road, private garden); Melbourne (Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria (Melbourne Gardens), Chinese Bed at ‘H’ Gate).

Created by: Rob Cross

Updated by: Rob Cross, April 2018

kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Magnolianae
order      Magnoliales
family       Magnoliaceae
genus        Magnolia L.