Cyrtomium falcatum (L. f.) C. Presl

Japanese Holly Fern

Rhizome short, erect. Fronds to 1 m or so long. Stalks pale brown, covered with large, dark brown scales. Segments in up to 15 pairs, to 11 cm long and 4 cm wide, large, thick and leathery, glossy; margins toothless to irregularly toothed and with a lobe on one side, stalked. Indusia scattered over lower surface.

Naturalised in a few sites in South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales around Sydney Harbour, Victoria and New Zealand. At least some of the naturalised plants have deeply and irregularly cut segments and are probably the cultivar 'Rochfordianum'. Can grow in cool areas.

Recognition: Segments in up to 15 pairs, leathery, shiny above.

'Mayi' ('Cristata') Fronds divided and with a crest at the tip; segments crested. Origin unknown.

'Rochfordianum' Margins of segments prominently lobed or toothed. Origin unknown.

E Asia.

Created by: Val Stajsic

Updated by: Val Stajsic, May 2018

Hero image
kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Polypodiopsida
order     Polypodiales
family      Dryopteridaceae
genus       Cyrtomium