Caryota urens L.

Jaggery Palm

Solitary palm. Trunk to 10 m tall and 40 cm wide, grey. Leaves arching in an extended crown, bright green, shiny. Leaflets broadly wedge-shaped, one margin sharply toothed, the other with a tail. Panicles about 2 m long, pendulous. Fruit to about 3 cm across, reddish to black, 1-2 seeded.

India, Sri Lanka, Burma

Widely cultivated in the tropics and subtropics.

Tall, single-trunked, bipinnate-leaved palm with broad, wedgeshaped, shiny green leaflets.

NSW: Sydney (Royal Botanic Garden Sydney).


C. ochlandra Hance, Chinese Fishtail Palm from China, has a trunk to 8 m tall and 30 cm wide, grey. Leaves arching in an extended crown, bluish-green. Leaflets grey-green, blunt, with jagged margins. Panicles about 1.5 m long, pendulous. Fruit about 2 cm across, reddish to black. Uncommonly cultivated but probably the most cold-tolerant species in the genus. One of the few bipinnate-leaved palms.There is a specimen at Sydney (Royal Botanic Garden Sydney).

Source: Jones, D; Spencer, R. (2005). Arecaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 5. Flowering plants. Monocotyledons. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Lilianae
order      Arecales
family       Arecaceae
genus        Caryota L.