Ophiopogon Ker Gawl.

Mondo Grass

Greek ophio – snake-like, pogon – bearded, thought to be a reference to the inflorescence.

Perennial evergreen, short-stemmed rhizomatous herbs with sometimes tuberous roots. Leaves several, linear. Flowers cup-shaped, pendant, radially symmetrical, stalked, stalks articulated. Inflorescence a many-flowered panicle. Tepals 6, fused basally. Stamens 6, attached to tepal bases. Ovary half-inferior. Fruit rupturing to produce a cluster of fleshy seeds resembling berries. Seeds ovoid, fleshy, berry-like, blue-black.

Grown mostly as a border plant for the grassy foliage. Two species cultivated in southern Australia.

About 65 species from SE Asia to Himalayas and Japan.

Flowers mostly drooping; ovary semi-inferior with the perianth segments apparently attached to at least part of the ovary; anthers lanceolate (pointed at the tip); flower stalks often quite long (1 cm or more). cf. Liriope.

Hume (1961).

Source: Conran, J. (2005). Convallariaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 5. Flowering plants. Monocotyledons. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

Hero image
kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Lilianae
order      Asparagales
family       Asparagaceae
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa
species         Ophiopogon japonicus (L.f.) Ker Gawl.
species         Ophiopogon planiscapus Nak.