Liriope muscari (Decne.) L.H. Bailen.

Big Blue Turf Lily

Clump-forming herb to 80 cm high from a short erect rhizome. Leaves numerous, erect, broadly linear, perennial. Inflorescence stout, flattened, exceeding the leaves. Flowers numerous in closely spaced whorls along the scape, spreading, to 8 mm wide.Tepals lavender-violet, purple or blue. Summer. [L. platyphylla F.T.Wang & T.Tang; also often sold in error as L. graminifolia]

China, Taiwan and Japan

Grown as a garden ornamental in light to heavy shade. Highly variable and with numerous named cultivars.


L. gigantea H.H. Hume, Gaint Turf Lily, is only known in cultivation. It is a clump-forming herb to 65 cm high from a stout, spreading rhizome. Leaves, broadly linear, perennial. Inflorescence slender, smooth, not exceeding the leaves. Flowers numerous in widely spaced whorls along the scape, spreading, to 10 mm wide; summer. Tepals pale violet. Sometimes grown numerous, erect as a garden ornamental or indoor plant in light to heavy shade. L. 'Evergreen Giant' is large and clump-forming, and possibly identical to the species.

Source: Conran, J. (2005). Convallariaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 5. Flowering plants. Monocotyledons. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

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Distribution map

Liriope muscari 'Big Blue'

Flowers lilac purple.

Liriope muscari 'Lilac Beauty'

Flowers violet.

Liriope muscari 'Silvery Sunproof'

Leaf margins white, flowers lavender-blue.

Liriope muscari 'Variegata'

Leaf margins white, flowers lavender.

kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Lilianae
order      Asparagales
family       Asparagaceae
genus        Liriope Lour.