Hippeastrum Herb.


Greek hippeus – rider, astron – star; meaning obscure.

Perennial herbs with bulbs. Flower clusters of 2-10 (mostly about 4) large flowers on hollow stalks. Perianth irregular, funnel-shaped. Bract spathes 2, large, equal, free, persistent. Stamens united and of 4 lengths, attached to the perianth tube. Corona absent. Ovary 3-chambered with few-many ovules. Fruit round to 3-lobed; seed flattened, black.

Some species are sometimes (as here) placed in Amaryllis, Rhodophiala (small-flowered species) and Brunsvigia. About half of the species of Hippeastrum are held in private collections in Australia but these are not generally available.


Leaves at ground level; bulb with little or no neck; flower stalk hollow; perianth large, funnel-shaped with the colourful lobes longer than the tube.

About 80 species from Central and South America.

Traub et al. (1964, cultivar list, later cultivars listed in Plant Life).

Source: Spencer, R.; Hay, A.; Ashburner, W. (2005). Amaryllidaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 5. Flowering plants. Monocotyledons. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Lilianae
order      Asparagales
family       Amaryllidaceae