Arisaema Mart.

From the Greek Arum combined with aima – blood red, referring to the red-blotched leaves of some species.

Plants with flattened tubers or occasionally with rhizomes or stolons. Leaves solitary to several, compound, basal; stalks long, sheathing flower stalk as well. Spathe overlapping at base to conceal most of the spadix and often part or all of its appendix (tail-like tip). Spadix with a long appendix. Florets unisexual, without perianths. Male flowers above females when both sexes on same spadix. Stamens 1-5, united. Ovary 1-chambered with few ovules.

Grown for the attractive foliage and unusual hooded flowers.

About 170 species from Africa and Arabia, western N America, tropical and E Asia.

Tuber offsets or division of rhizomes.

A few species have local medicinal uses and the corms of some species are edible.

Leaves compound or deeply lobed; hooded spathes and spadix with prominent appendix; spadix unisexual, or male florets separated, or both.

Mayo (1982), Mayo & Gilbert (1986), Pradhan (1990), Gusman & Gusman (2002).

Source: Spencer, R. (2005). Araceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 5. Flowering plants. Monocotyledons. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

Hero image
kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Lilianae
order      Alismatales
family       Araceae
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa
species         Arisaema triphyllum (L.) Schott