Daucus L.

From the classical Greek name daukos.

Annual, biennial or perennial herbs with solid stems. Leaves 2-3-pinnate, the lobes generally finely divided. Bracts and bracteoles cut into linear lobes. Flower heads compound. Flowers white or mauve. Fruit ovoid, slightly flattened, covered with hooked spines.

Grown as the edible carrot, which is derived from 18th century Dutch cultivars.


Edible tap root and extracts used as flavourings.

Orange tap root; bracts linear; fruits spiny and without wings.

About 25 species from tropical Africa and Eurasia.

Source: Spencer, R. (2002). Apiaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 4. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 3. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

Hero image
kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Asteranae
order      Apiales
family       Apiaceae
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa
species         Daucus carota L.