Taraxacum Weber


Latin tarasacon, from the Persian tarkhashqun — bitter herb.

Perennial herbs, taprooted, glabrous to hairy. Stems absent. Leaves basal, margins entire, toothed, lobed or divided, petiolate. Capitula radiate, terminal, solitary, on long stalks. Involucral bracts in 2 rows, overlapping, the outer spreading or curved backwards. Receptacle pitted, convex. Florets bisexual, ligulate, yellow or rarely whitish. Achenes obovoid, slightly compressed, ribbed, long-beaked, hairy or glabrous. Pappus of many barbed bristles.

Several species have become naturalised in Australia, some are common weeds.

Rosetted herb with solitary capitula on bare stalks; all florets ligulate; achenes beaked.

60 to 2500 species (depending on species definitions) from most parts of the world but mainly Europe, Asia, N Africa and N America; 2 species native to E Australia.

Dudman & Richards (1997).

Source: Lawson, L.; Spencer, R. (2002). Dahlia. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 4. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 3. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Asteranae
order      Asterales
family       Asteraceae
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