Valerianella Mill.

Corn Salad

Small Valerian.

Annual and biennial herbs. Leaves simple, opposite and fleshy. Flower clusters in terminal heads. Flowers bisexual, white, pinkish or blue. Calyx with up to 6 small teeth or absent. Corolla also small, of 5 unequal lobes, shape variable. Stamens (2)3. Ovary inferior, 3-chambered. Stigma with 3 branches. Fruit with only 1 fertile chamber in 3.

Cultivated in Australia as a herb and salad plant.


V. locusta is a weedy plant, the young shoots and leaves being used in salads.

Stamens and stigmas 3.

About 50 species from northern temperate regions to N Africa.

Source: Spencer, R. (2002). Valerianaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 4. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 3. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

Hero image
kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Asteranae
order      Dipsacales
family       Valerianaceae
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa
species         Valerianella locusta (L.) Betcke