Viburnum L.

Wayfaring Tree

Classical name for V. lantana.

Deciduous or evergreen shrubs and small trees. Leaves opposite, simple, entire or toothed, occasionally lobed, rarely in 3s; stipules mostly absent or small. Flower clusters axillary or terminal, flat-topped or with a border of large sterile flowers, occasionally forming a ball of sterile flowers. Calyx minute, of 5 teeth. Corolla generally wheel- or bell-shaped to tubular, 5-lobed. Stamens 5, attached to the tube. Ovary inferior; stigma with 3 lobes. Fruit a yellow, orange to reddish blue or black 1-seeded drupe.

Grown for the combination of interesting foliage (sometimes brightly coloured in autumn), attractive, often fragrant, flowers, and ornamental coloured fruits which may be edible or poisonous.

V. ×bodnantense Stearn is a name that refers to a group of hybrids with V. farreri and V. grandiflorum as parents. It is generally grown as the cultivar 'Dawn', the original selected clone from this cross, which has dark pink flower buds, the flowers opening pale pink. Some clones available may not be the true 'Dawn'.

Deciduous species by softwood cuttings, evergreen species by semi-hardwood cuttings.

The fruit and bark of some species are used locally for medicinal purposes; the wood has been used for arrows and a range of domestic applications. V. opulus berries are used as a Cranberry sauce substitute; other species have edible berries but care is needed as some are poisonous.

Leaves simple; flowers regular with a 3-lobed style.

SA: Mt Lofty Botanic Garden, Adelaide, has about 50 taxa. NSW: Viburnum Gardens nursery, Arcadia, has a wide collection.VIC: Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria (Melbourne Gardens), holds the OPCAA collection and displays over 50 different kinds.

About 150 species from mostly temperate regions (only 3 species in Europe) especially Asia and N America, but extending into Malaysia, the Philippines and S America.

Kern (1951).

The range of viburnums available varies from year to year although the number of cultivars is increasing. Only commonly grown species are described here; many more may be obtained from specialist nurseries.

Source: Spencer, R. (2002). Caprifoliaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 4. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 3. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

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Cultivars of hybrid origin

Viburnum 'Anne Russell'

Compact shrub to about 2 m tall with broadly elliptic leaves and extremely fragrant white flowers that are pink in bud.

A backcross of V. carlesii with V. ×burkwoodii (original clone) raised by Messrs L.R. Russell of Windlesham, Surrey, UK, and named in 1951.

Viburnum 'Fulbrook'

Open shrub with open white flower heads in Oct-Nov.

Raised by Miss Florence Paget, introduced by Mrs Douglas Gordon of Fulbrook House, Elstead, Surrey, UK, and receiving an award in 1957.

Said to be a cross, like 'Anne Russell', of V. carlesii with V. ×burkwoodii but bears little resemblance to this cultivar.

kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Asteranae
order      Dipsacales
family       Caprifoliaceae
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa
species         Viburnum carlesii Hemsl.
species         Viburnum davidii Franch.
species         Viburnum opulus L.
species         Viburnum plicatum Thunb.
species         Viburnum rhytidophyllum Hemsl.
species         Viburnum tinus L.