Schinus L.

Greek schinos — the name for Pistacia lentiscus.

Resinous trees or shrubs, the young branchlets often zig-zagging at the tips. Leaves pinnate, the main stem often winged. Flowers in terminal or axillary clusters. Sepals and petals 5. Stamens 10, attached outside a wavy-edged disk. Ovary spherical with 3 styles. Fruits small, spherical, spicy and oily drupes with a fragile skin.

Grown for the attractive foliage and spicy fruits, often as street trees.

S. polygamus (Cav.) Cabrera var. ovatus from W South America is occasionally encountered in older gardens. Syn. S. dependens Ort. There is a large old tree near the Royal Tasmanian Botanical Gds kiosk, and 2 at Government House in Hobart, Tas.

S. lentiscifolius Marchand from Brazil is also occasionally seen, as at Mont Park and La Trobe University in Vic.

28 species native to S America.

Barkley (1957).

Source: Spencer, R. (2002). Anacardiaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 3. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 2. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

Hero image
kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Rosanae
order      Sapindales
family       Anacardiaceae
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa
species         Schinus areira L.
species         Schinus terebinthifolia Raddi