Aesculus hippocastanum L.

Common Horse Chestnut

A densely branched tree to about 25 m tall with sticky winter buds. New growth woolly. Leaflets 5-7, each 10-25 cm long. Flower clusters 20-30 cm long. Flowers with 5 petals, white, speckled with red and yellow; early Oct. Fruit up to 6 cm thick, prickly.

By far the most commonly planted species. Grows well in Tas but only suited to cool, hilly districts of mainland Australia.

Mountains of N Greece, Bulgaria, Albania.

VIC: Ballarat (Bot. Gds, short avenue); Bright; Daylesford (Bot. Gds); Fitzroy (Gds); Kyneton (Shire Hall); Walhalla (State School). TAS: Deloraine (Meander River Reserve, near swimming pool); Launceston (City Park, Kings Park); Plenty (Salmon Ponds); Port Arthur.

A. flava Soland, Yellow Buckeye (Sweet Buckeye), has 5-7 finely toothed leaflets 8-18 cm long. Flowers yellow. Syn. A. octandra Marshall. Specimens: VIC: Geelong (Bot. Gds).

Meyer & Hardin (1987).

Source: Spencer, R. (2002). Hippocastanaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 3. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 2. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

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Distribution map

Aesculus hippocastanum 'Baumanii'

Flowers white and sterile, lasting longer than those of the species; Oct. Widely used overseas as a park and street tree but rare in Australia. Specimens vic: Melbourne (Royal Bot. Gds).

kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Rosanae
order      Sapindales
family       Sapindaceae
genus        Aesculus L.