Glochidion J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.

From the Greek glochis — a projecting point, referring to the form of the style.

Shrubs or trees, evergreen or semi-deciduous, perennial, male and female flowers on the same plant or male and female flowers on separate plants; stems and foliage without latex. Indumentum of simple, multicellular hairs. Stipules entire, inconspicuous, persistent. Leaves alternate (arranged distichously on branches), stalked, unlobed, penninerved, without glands; margins entire. Inflorescences axillary, fasciculate with 1-several flowers.male flowers stalked; calyx lobes 3, overlapping, free and more or less equal; petals 3; disk absent; stamens 3-8, filaments fused into column. Female flowers stalked; calyx lobes 2-3, overlapping, free; petals 3; disk absent; ovary 3-15-chambered, ovules 2 per chamber; styles 2 or 3, united into a cone or column. Fruits capsular, dehiscent, depressed-roundish, multilobed, surface smooth. Seeds shaped like a segment of a sphere, ecarunculate.

Around 300 species in the tropics, with about 15 species in Australia.


Foliage distichous; flowers without disk, styles 2 or 3 and united into cone or column.

Airy Shaw (1980).

Source: Forster, P. (2002). Euphorbiaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 3. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 2. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Rosanae
order      Malpighiales
family       Phyllanthaceae