Euphorbia hyberna L.

Irish Spurge

Perennial herb to 60 cm high, multi-stemmed, each stem generally branched and perennial. Leaves opposite; blades oblong to oblanceolate, to 90 mm long, 25 mm wide; floral head umbel with 5 rays, each 2- or 3-forked, then 2-forked with 0-5 axillary rays. Cyathia about 5 mm wide; glands with 2 converging horns, yellow, yellow-brown or purple-red.

Ireland, Great Britain.

E. dulcis L. from W and C Europe is occasionally cultivated and differs in having triangular-subcordate upper leaves and greenish purple glands.

Source: Forster, P. (2002). Euphorbiaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 3. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 2. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

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kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Rosanae
order      Malpighiales
family       Euphorbiaceae
genus        Euphorbia L.