Antidesma L.

From the Latin anti — against and desma — a band or constriction.

Subshrubs, shrubs or trees, male and female flowers on separate plants, perennial, evergreen or deciduous; stems and foliage without latex. Indumentum of simple, multicellular hairs. Stipules entire, inconspicuous, soon shed. Leaves alternate, stalked, unlobed, penninerved, without glands; margins entire to wavy. Inflorescences terminal, leaf-opposed or axillary, racemose or spike-like, solitary, unisexual,with flowers in bracted clusters.male flowers stalkless; calyx lobes 5, overlapping, cup-shaped or more or less free; petals absent; disk present, cup-shaped or annular, composed of free or fused glands; stamens 3-6, filaments free and arising from amongst disk glands. Female flowers single in bracts, stalked; calyx lobes 5, overlapping, cup-shaped or more or less free; petals absent; disk cupshaped or annular, comprised of free or fused glands; ovary 1-2-chambered, ovules 2 per locule, styles 2-3, shortly fused, usually divided into 2, terminal or lateral. Fruit drupaceous, indehiscent, oblique, often flattened, surface smooth. Seeds ellipsoid to flattened-elliptic, ecarunculate.

Sensitive to frost.

Seeds or cuttings.

Fruits drupaceous, soft-fleshy and red-purple.

About 170 species in the Old World tropics, with 5 species in Australia.1 species is commonly cultivated.

Airy Shaw (1980).

Source: Forster, P. (2002). Euphorbiaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 3. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 2. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Rosanae
order      Malpighiales
family       Phyllanthaceae
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa
species         Antidesma bunius (L.) Spreng.