Evergreen shrub or small tree. Leaves to about 3 cm long and 2 cm wide, ovate to elliptic with rounded teeth, dotted below. Flower parts 4; late spring to early summer. Fruits about 0.5 cm wide, glossy black, rarely yellow or white.
Japan, Korea, Sakhalin.
Source: (2002). Aquifoliaceae. In: . Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 3. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 2. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.
Female clone. Dwarf, low-growing and spreading shrub with smallish golden yellow leaves at least at first. Int. L. Konijn &Co., Reenwijk, Holland.
Dwarf, spreading shrub with small elliptic grey-green leaves with 2-4 spines on each side. A seedling selection by Joseph Heller, Newport, Rhode Island, usa, c.1930.
Female clone. Dwarf plant growing less than 2.5 cm each year,with erect, short branches and small round to ovate concave leaves about 5 mm wide that are either entire or have a few teeth at the tip. Fruits black. Int. from Japan by Charles Maries, c. 1879, to the London Nsy of Messrs Veitch. May be used for topiary or as a pygmy rockery plant.