Greek stenos — narrow, carpos — fruit, referring to the long, thin fruits of most species.
Trees or shrubs. Leaves alternate, simple, lobed or compound. Flower clusters terminal or in upper leaf axils, flat-topped. Flowers irregular, bisexual, split along the lower surface. Ovary stalked, containing numerous ovules in 2 rows. Fruit an oblong to cylindrical, rarely semicircular follicle; seeds in 2 rows, flattened and winged with an outer membranous wing folded around the inner wing.
S. davallioides Foreman & B. Hyland from N Qld is occasionally cultivated.
About 25 species mostly from New Caledonia; 9 species in Australia with 2 extending to New Guinea and the Aru Islands.
Seed or cuttings for selected forms.
Flower cluster flat-topped, sometimes wheel-like; seed in a membranous cover.
Source: (2002). Proteaceae. In: . Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 3. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 2. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.