Pisum sativum L.

Garden Pea

Mostly waxy-blue annual herb to 1 m or more tall, climbing by branched tendrils. Leaves of up to 4 pairs of leaflets, each to about 6 cm long; stipules to 10 cm long, toothed and generally stem-clasping at the base. Flowers to 3 cm long, mostly white but sometimes tinted with purple. Fruit pod to 15 cm long, with mostly 3-10 seeds.

Green Peas for the fresh market have been grown commercially around population centres in Australia since early settlement. They are now processed by either freezing, canning or dehydration. Freezing began in the early 1950s and automatic harvesting began in the 1960s. Green Peas grow best in cooler climates with ample rain, Tas accounting for about 80% of total production. In Australia commercial production has been dominated by the cultivar 'Small Sieve Freezer' which was introduced in the early 1960s. More recent cultivars such as 'Horizon' and 'Bounty' have the advantage of being mildew-resistant. Other commercial cultivars include 'Greenfeast', 'Patea', 'Quantum', 'Sparkle' and 'Telephone'.

The common edible Garden Pea is divided into several botanical varieties. var. arvense (L.) Poir., Field Pea (Dun Pea, Grey Pea, Partridge Pea), stipules with red spots and flowers bicoloured. This variety is most frequently used for forage and silage. var. macrocarpon Ser., Edible Podded Pea (Snow Pea, Sugar Pea), pod soft, thick, indehiscent and without any inner fibre. The young pods are eaten whole, raw or cooked. Available as a wide range of edible cultivars.

S Europe.

Source: Spencer, R. (2002). Fabaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 3. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 2. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

Hero image
kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Rosanae
order      Fabales
family       Fabaceae
genus        Pisum L.