Pisum L.


Classical name for the pea.

Mostly tendril-climbing annual herbs. Leaves with 1-4 pairs of oval leaflets, the terminal leaflet represented by a bristle or branched tendril; stipules leafy, often stem-clasping. Flowers 1-3, axillary. Calyx teeth large and leafy. Style bearded along 1 side. Fruit pod flattened to cylindrical, bivalved, with roundish seeds.

Grown as the edible pea. The Sweet Pea is in the genus Lathyrus.

5 species from WAsia and the Mediterranean.


Grown since antiquity for the edible peas and pods, sometimes as animal forage.

Stipules stem-clasping; leaflets pinnate with a terminal tendril; style bearded along 1 side.

Murray (1999).

Source: Spencer, R. (2002). Fabaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 3. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 2. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

Hero image
kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Rosanae
order      Fabales
family       Fabaceae
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa
species         Pisum sativum L.