Lysimachia L.


Greek lysis—releasing, mache—strife, in reference to its reputed soothing qualities.

Herbs or occasionally shrubs. Leaves opposite, whorled or alternate, entire or with round-toothed margins. Flowers 5-parted, terminal or axillary, solitary or in clusters. Petals in wheel-like arrangement. Fruit a more or lesss spherical capsule opening by 5 valves.

Occasionally grown species include L. ephemerum L. from SW Europe, an upright perennial plant with white flowers and linear-lanceolate opposite leaves to 15 cm long; L. barystachys Bunge from E Asia with dark purple flowers and narrow alternate leaves to 1.5 cm long; L. ciliata L. from N America growing to about 1 m tall with more or less ovate leaves opposite or whorled leaves and yellow petals with red basal blotches.

Some species have medicinal properties.

Leafy stems; fruit valved and staminodia absent.

About 150 species from temperate and warm temperate regions, S Africa, Eurasia, N America.

Source: Spencer, R. (1997). Primulaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 2. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 1. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Asteranae
order      Ericales
family       Primulaceae
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa
species         Lysimachia nummularia L.
species         Lysimachia punctata L.
species         Lysimachia vulgaris L.