Matthiola R.Br.


Commemorating the Italian physician Pietro Andrea Matthioli (1500–77).

Annual or perennial mostly hairy herbs. Flowers; inner sepals with sacs; petals purple, yellow to white; stamens 6, spreading. Fruit a siliqua; valves with 1 mid-vein; style absent; stigmas 2 with long erect horned lobes; seeds in 1 row in each chamber.

At least some hairs star-shaped; flowers mostly relatively large and generally pinkish purple; fruit a siliqua with 2 horned stigma lobes.

About 55 species from C Asia, Europe, S Africa and Macaronesia.

Source: Spencer, R. (1997). Brassicaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 2. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 1. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

Hero image
kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Rosanae
order      Brassicales
family       Brassicaceae
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa
species         Matthiola incana (L.) R.Br.
species         Matthiola longipetala (Vent.) D C.