Populus candicans Aiton

Balm of Gilead

Closely related to P. balsamifera and sometimes regarded as a variant of this or a hybrid P. balsamifera × P. deltoides, but with large, aromatic, sticky winter buds. Leaves 7-16 cm long, 5-10 cm wide, heart-shaped with a distinctly cordate base and abruptly pointed tip, leathery, dark glossy green above, whitish and slightly pubescent below especially on the veins. Leaf stalk 2-6 cm long, reddish, pubescent, channelled above and with 2 glands at junction with blade. [P. balsamifera var. subcordata Hyl.]

North America

Sometimes regarded as a hybrid but specimens cultivated in Australia as this species appear to be true. True Balm of Gilead (P. ×gileadensis Rouleau) is said by some authorities to be a sterile male clone of this species; its origin is unknown but it has long been planted in NE North America and SE Canada.

Leaves with deeply cordate base and hairy leaf stalks.

Specimens VIC: Dandenongs (R.J.Hamer Arboretum, 1975-76); Sale ('Strathfieldsaye', near huts). TAS: Hobart (Royal Tasmanian Botanical Gardens)

Source: Spencer, R. (1997). Salicaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 2. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 1. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Rosanae
order      Malpighiales
family       Salicaceae
genus        Populus L.