Tilia cordata Mill.

Small-leaved Linden

Deciduous tree to 20 m or more tall with a broad crown. Young shoots more or less hairless. Leaves broadly ovate, 4-7 cm long and about as wide, base cordate, margin with small teeth, vein axils below with soft brown hairs, glossy dark green above, pale bluish-green below with the fine tertiary veins hardly raised; bright yellow in autumn. Flowers yellowish, without sterile stamens (staminodes); summer. Floral bracts mostly 3-8 cm long. Leaf stalk to about 3 cm long. Fruits round, thin shelled, ribbing absent or very feint.


Grows naturally in limestone formations.

An important source of honey in its native habitat.

Leaves small, roundish, bluish-green and hairless below except for tufts of hairs in the vein axils; fruits thin-shelled.

ACT: Duntroon (Officers Mess). VIC: Black Spur (about 14 m tall in 1994); Daylsford (Wombat Hill Botanical Gardens 15 m tall in 1992); Glenferrie (Scotch College, planted c.1960); Leongatha (Mossvale Park).


T. ×euchlora K.Koch (T. ?cordata × T. dasystyla), Crimean Linden (Caucasian Lime) is occasionally cultivated in Australia; it has pendulous branches and extremely glossy leaves. [T. 'Euchlora']

Source: Spencer, R. (1997). Tiliaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 2. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 1. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

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Distribution map
kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Rosanae
order      Malvales
family       Malvaceae
genus        Tilia L.