Liriodendron L.

Greek lireion—lily, dendron—tree.

Deciduous, conical trees. Bark on old trees fissured. Branchlets with chambered pith. Buds covered by 2 stipules which are joined at the margins and have a powdery surface. Leaves alternate, usually with 4-6 lobes, 2 of which form a distinctive notched apex. Flowers cup-like, slightly reminiscent of tulip flowers (hence the common name), terminal, solitary with 3 petal-like spreading sepals and 6 upright petals, appearing with the leaves. Stamens many. Carpels many, free. Fruit cone-like, seed shed in winged pairs.

A valuable timber tree in North America where it is called White Wood.

Stratified seed; cultivars by layering, budding and grafting.

Leaves with 1 pointed lobe each side of the tip; flowers cup-shaped.

2 species, 1 in North America the other in China and northern Indo-China.

Santamour (1972), Parks (1983), Santamour & McArdle (1984), Chen & Nooteboom (1993).

Source: Spencer, R. (1997). Magnoliaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 2. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 1. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

Hero image
kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Magnolianae
order      Magnoliales
family       Magnoliaceae
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa
species         Liriodendron tulipifera L.