Zelkova serrata (Thunb.) Makino

Japanese Zelkova

Tree to 20-30 m tall with erect branches but generally much smaller. Bark grey to orange, peeling in scales. Branches slightly bent at the tips. Leaves oval to oblong, 4-8 cm long (occasionally to 12 cm), 3-5 cm wide, with a long-pointed tip, rough, teeth pointed, veins in 8-14 pairs; colouring reddish-orange to deep red in autumn. Leaf stalk 2-5 mm long, reddish. Fruit about 4 mm wide.


Orange-grey patterned and scaling bark; leaf teeth with a short bristle; fruits dry and wingless.

ACT: SW Telopea Park; Woden (Shopping Square). NSW: Albury (Albury Botanic Gardens); Sydney (Domain near Levy Fountain). VIC: Kew (Methodists Ladies' College in drive to residence); Dandenongs ('Pirianda' about 13 m in 1984); Parkville (The University of Melbourne Swanston Street entrance); Prahran (Commercial Road outside Alfred Hospital); Melbourne (Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria (Melbourne Gardens), Hopetoun Lawn, also opposite the Directors Residence entrance is a tree over 100 years old, specimens in the National Herbarium of Victoria were collected in 1893 and 1927).

Source: Spencer, R. (1997). Ulmaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 2. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 1. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

Distribution map
kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Rosanae
order      Rosales
family       Ulmaceae
genus        Zelkova Spach