Tsuga heterophylla Sarg.

Western Hemlock

Conical tree to 40 m or so in the wild. Branches horizontal and pendulous at the tip. Branchlets densely downy. Leaves in 2 ranks, linear, lower leaves c. 1.5 cm long the upper ones shorter; two indistinct bands occur on the lower surface. Male cones in clusters a few millimetres long. Female cones ovoid, 2-3 cm long, stalkless, purple at first, becoming brown. Seed with a single wing c. April.

Grows naturally mostly in coastal forests but extends inland to alt. c. 2000 m. Rarely cultivated in south-eastern Australia where conditions are generally too hot and dry.

Western North America.

ACT: Yarralumla (Forestry School, Banks St); Westbourne Woods. VIC: Buchan Caves (c .2.5 m tall 1990); Narbethong (next to the Tudor Lodge Road House c. 10 m tall 1990). TAS: Hobart (Tasmanian Royal Bot. Gds).

Source: Spencer, R. (1995). Pinaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 1, Ferns, conifers & their allies. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

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Distribution map
kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Pinopsida
order     Pinales
family      Pinaceae
genus       Tsuga Carrière