Picea omorika (Pancic) Purk.

Serbian Spruce

Slender, columnar tree 20 m or so tall. Branches arching downwards. Buds 5-7 mm long, conical, pointed, reddish-brown, not or slightly resinous, scales pointed and awl shaped at base of bud. Young shoots hairy, pale yellow-brown to orange-brown. Leaves parted below shoot, 1-2 cm long and dark green, shiny above, with 2 broad white bands below, slightly pointed. Cones tapered to each end, 4-6 cm long, at top of tree only; scales broad, rounded and without teeth, stiff, thinly woody, margin entire. Seed about 3 mm long with wing less than 1 cm long.

Grows naturally by the River Drina at altitude c. 900-1700 m on limestone rocks. Mostly known through the cultivars.


Narrow habit with short upturned branches; leaves flattened, less than 2 cm long, not prickly; shoots hairy on both current and previous year's growth.

VIC: Dandenongs ('Pirianda'); Emerald Lake (above car park); Warburton (Old Chalet, South of Scotchman Ck Rd). TAS: Plenty (Salmon Ponds).

Source: Spencer, R. (1995). Pinaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 1, Ferns, conifers & their allies. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

Picea omorika 'Expansa'

Small, widespreading, prostrate. Origin Netherlands.

Picea omorika 'Nana'

Dwarf, neat, round or conical, leaves pale green. Origin Goukade Nsy, Boskoop, Netherlands.

kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Pinopsida
order     Pinales
family      Pinaceae
genus       Picea A.Dietr.