Rhizome erect, sometimes forming a short trunk with persistent fronds bases. Fronds to 150 cm long but generally much shorter, divided twice, 1-2 plantlets near tips of midrib. Blades narrow-lanceolate in outline, dark green, leathery, branches narrowing to base which is divided twice; uppermost basal segment often larger than the others; veins free, sunken; stalks covered with scales. Sori round, in 2 rows away from margin. Indusia shield-like, often soon shed, pale brown. Can grow in cool areas.
Naturalised in New Zealand.
Recognition: Fronds with numerous plantlets on the main axis. Polystichum andersonii Hopkins, Anderson's Holly Fern from N America, is occasionally offered in the nursery trade; it has fronds divided twice with 1 plantlet bud just below the tip and is deciduous in winter.
Australia (South Australia, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania).
Created by: Val Stajsic
Updated by: Val Stajsic, May 2018