Vachellia farnesiana (L.) Wight & Arn.

A spreading shrub 2-3 m tall. Leaves with 3-7 pairs of primary divisions, without glands between them but a basal gland prominent, the divisions 1.5-3.5 cm long, with 8-20 pairs of leaflets each 4-9 mm long,1-2 mm wide, spiny stipules 1-2.5 cm long. Flower heads 1-3 per leaf axil, each of 40-80 flowers, fragrant; year round but mostly winter to early spring. Fruit pods woody, 4-6 cm long, about 1 cm wide.

Widely cultivated and naturalised, mostly in Qld and NSW. Probably a native of tropical America and introduced into Australia prior to European settlement. Flower extracts are used commercially for perfumery.

Tropical America.

Source: Spencer, R. (2002). Mimosaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 3. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 2. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press. (as Acacia farnesiana)

kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Rosanae
order      Fabales
family       Fabaceae
genus        Vachellia