Flax Family

Annual or perennial, mostly slender upright herbs or occasionally subshrubs. Leaves alternate or occasionally opposite, simple, entire or toothed, stalkless; stipules small or absent. Flowers regular, bisexual. Sepals usually 5, free or united at the base. Petals mostly 5, free,with a long base and overlapping. Stamens usually 5, sometimes alternating with small sterile stamens, united at the base into a short tube. Ovary superior, of 2-5 carpels and 4-10 chambers, each chamber with 1 axile ovule. Styles 2-5, free or united. Fruit a roundish capsule or occasionally a drupe.

Reinwardtia is a shrubby genus that has flowers with mostly 3-4 styles. R. indica Dumort, Yellow Flax, from India and China is sometimes cultivated; 'Gold Dollar' is listed. Syn. R. trigyna (Roxb.) Planch.

12 genera and about 290 species, cosmopolitan and mostly temperate with a centre of distribution in the Mediterranean. Australia has 3 genera and 8 species from all states.

Linum usitatissimum is the source of flax and linseed oil.

Mostly herbs with regular flowers with free petals; ovary superior, of 2-5 carpels.

Source: Spencer, R. (2002). Linaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 3. Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. Part 2. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

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kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Rosanae
order      Malpighiales
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa
genus        Linum L.