Little Clubmosses

Perennial, or rarely annual mossy-looking terrestrial or occasionally epiphytic plants. Rhizome creeping, either underground or on the surface. Stems erect or scrambling. Sterile leaves undivided, scale-like, ovate with a single nerve and an appendage on the upper leaf surfaces (ligule), arranged in 4 rows, occasionally 2 of the rows on the back reduced and pressed to the stem giving a 2-ranked appearance; margin usually saw-toothed. Fertile leaves smaller and arranged into cone-like structures. Sporangia and spores of 2 kinds.

1 genus, c. 700 species from wet tropical and subtropical regions, a few temperate (Australia has 12 species).

Cuttings, layers or occasionally by spores.

Ligule on upper surface of leaf; spores of 2 different sizes.

Source: Spencer, R. (1995). Selaginellaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 1, Ferns, conifers & their allies. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

Hero image
kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Lycopodiopsida
order     Selaginellales
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa
genus       Selaginella Beauverd.