Maranta L.

Commemorating Bartolommeo Maranti (fl. 1559) Venetian physicist and botanist.

Erect or prostrate herbs, the stems often thin and branched. Leaves generally variegated. Flower clusters a spike, raceme or panicle, the bracts in 2 rows. Sterile stamens 2, petal-like. Ovary 1- chambered with 1 ovule. Fruit nut-like.

Ornamental, mostly variegated, indoor tropical plants.

Division and cuttings.

The starchy rhizome of M. arundinacea, Arrowroot, is the source of tapioca as well as a range of other commercial applications including fuel-alcohol and fibre.

Ovary 1-chambered and containing 1 ovule; flower tube elongated.

 20-30 species from tropical America.

Andersson (1986).

Source: Spencer, R. (2005). Marantaceae. In: Spencer, R.. Horticultural Flora of South-eastern Australia. Volume 5. Flowering plants. Monocotyledons. The identification of garden and cultivated plants. University of New South Wales Press.

kingdom Plantae
phylum   Tracheophyta
class    Magnoliopsida
superorder     Lilianae
order      Zingiberales
family       Marantaceae
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa
species         Maranta arundinacea L.
species         Maranta leuconeura E. Morren